Managing Scalp Build-up: Tips to Control Sebum And Prevent Dandruff

Scalp build-up is closely linked to the development of dandruff. Scroll down to learn their connection and management tips.

Sushmita Sharma
Written by: Sushmita SharmaUpdated at: Dec 25, 2023 15:35 IST
Managing Scalp Build-up: Tips to Control Sebum And Prevent Dandruff

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Did you know your scalp health plays a key role in promoting your hair quality? Many people struggle with scalp build-up, a common condition caused by excess sebum production. Sebum, an oily substance produced by the sebaceous glands, is essential for maintaining hair health. However, when it is produced excessively, it can result in hair conditions, such as dandruff. In this article, we list the causes of scalp build-up, its connection to dandruff, and tips to manage sebum production for a healthier scalp.

Causes of Scalp Build-up


Several factors contribute to the accumulation of sebum on the scalp. Some of them are as follows:

  • Overactive sebaceous gland
  • Hormonal changes
  • Stress
  • Genetics 
  • Using harsh hair care products, such as shampoos with sulphates

Connection Between Scalp Build-up and Dandruff


Scalp build-up is closely linked to the development of dandruff. When excess sebum mixes with dead skin cells and other debris on the scalp, it creates an environment conducive to the growth of Malassezia, a yeast-like fungus. The presence of Malassezia can lead to irritation, inflammation, and the shedding of dead skin cells, manifesting as dandruff. Therefore, managing scalp build-up is crucial in preventing dandruff and promoting overall scalp health.

According to the Indian Journal of Dermatology, dandruff is a prevalent scalp ailment that impacts about 50% of individuals in their pre-pubescent years, regardless of their gender or race.

Tips to Manage Sebum and Prevent Dandruff


Choose the Right Shampoo

Selecting a mild, sulphate-free shampoo is the first step in controlling sebum production. You should look for products containing natural ingredients like tea tree oil, aloe vera, or neem, known for their antibacterial and antifungal properties. These ingredients help maintain a balanced scalp environment, reducing the risk of excess sebum production and dandruff.

Regular Scalp Massages

Regular scalp massages can stimulate blood circulation and distribute natural oils evenly across the scalp. Use your fingertips to massage the scalp gently in circular motions, promoting a healthy balance of sebum. This simple technique not only helps manage sebum production but also provides a relaxing experience.

Also Read: Hibiscus Oil For Hair: Benefits Of Hibiscus Oil And How To Make It At Home


Tea Tree Oil Treatment

Tea tree oil is well known for its antimicrobial properties, making it an effective remedy for managing scalp build-up. Add a few drops of tea tree oil to your regular shampoo or mix it with a carrier oil like jojoba or coconut oil for a revitalising scalp treatment. Tea tree oil helps control sebum production and combats the growth of fungi on the scalp.

Apple Cider Vinegar Rinse (ACV)

ACV rinse can help restore the pH balance of the scalp, reducing excess sebum production. When you are done shampooing, use a mixture of one part ACV and two parts water as your final rinse. The acidity of apple cider vinegar helps remove build-up and promotes a healthy scalp environment.

Balanced Diet and Hydration

Maintaining a balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals is essential for overall hair and scalp health. Ensure you're getting an adequate intake of omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins A and E, and zinc, as they contribute to a healthy scalp. Also, stay hydrated to support the body's natural processes, including sebum production.

[Disclaimer: This article contains information for informational purposes only, hence, we advise you to consult your expert if your hair problem persists for a longer time.]